Kinetic facades, which are the result of the combination of the aesthetic and functional perspective of architecture and the system technologies of engineering, are facade systems that allow different movements to occur on the surface of a building instead of being fixed and static.
Kinetic facade systems containing moving parts or dynamic elements allow the exterior appearance of the building to change, while also reducing shading and energy consumption.
The moving elements of the kinetic facade are subject to climatic or other environmental factors, time, levels, and type of occupancy, etc., to improve performance and efficiency. can be programmed to respond.
Kinetic facades: It can consist of various elements such as horizontal vertical swinging panels, folding systems such as blinds & membranes, rotating membrane systems, geometrically related elements, vertical and horizontal sliding panels.
Scope of Application:
» Commercial Buildings (Museums, theaters, and sports fields etc.)
» Private living spaces and residences (Residential buildings, etc.)
» Public Spaces (Parks, plazas, and public transport stations etc.)
» Shopping Centers
» Educational Structures (Schools, universities, etc.)
What are the Advantages of Kinetic Facade Systems?
Overall, kinetic facades offer several benefits that can help create more sustainable, functional and visually appealing buildings.
● Flexibility and Functionality
Kinetic facades can be designed to be highly flexible and adaptable, allowing for changes over time in the use of the building or the surrounding environment.
● Aesthetic Architecture
Besides functionality, kinetic façade architecture adds extraordinary aesthetic value to your building. Moving, dynamic, different, and flexible images create architectural appeal in your building.
Kinetic facades also contribute to the sustainability perspective. Decreased energy needs and encouraging the use of renewable energies (solar energy, wind energy, etc.) make kinetic facades an effective architectural tool for sustainability.
● Sun Protection and Control
Well-designed solar control and shading devices can significantly reduce the building's peak heat gain and cooling requirements and improve the natural lighting quality of building interiors.
Depending on the amount and location of windows, reductions in annual cooling energy consumption of between 5% and 15% have been reported.
Solar control and shading devices can also improve user visual comfort by controlling glare and reducing contrast ratios. This often leads to increased satisfaction and productivity. Shading devices offer the possibility of distinguishing one building facade from another.
● Energy Efficiency
Kinetic facades that provide natural ventilation, sun protection/shading and thermal insulation also provide you with energy efficiency. All the elements used are motorized and can be adjusted according to the movement of the sun.
Which Materials Are Used in Kinetic Facade Systems?
Glass, fabric, composite, aluminum, wood, and polycarbonate materials can be used in kinetic facade systems.
What are the Kinetic Facade Types?
Since the kinetic facades are specially designed according to the structures and function, the working principle will vary according to the design and mechanism system type. The mechanism systems used in kinetic facades, which are built on the logic of the facade's ability to react to changes in the environment, are as follows.
» Cable Supported Systems
» Rail Supported Systems
» Scissors Supported Systems
» Tensioned Systems
» Articulated Systems