Movement, force, mechanics, change, harmony, and aesthetics are equal to kinetic architecture…
While time provides the development of technology, technological developments also cause our needs, perspectives and even the structures we live in to change. Although we often see the building forms created by static architecture today, structures with kinetic architecture are also becoming popular day by day.
Thanks to the kinetic architecture that incorporates movable, dynamic, and mechanical elements into the structures, it is possible to create adaptable, sensitive structures that can adapt to changing conditions or requirements. For example, a room with limited square meters can expand into a larger living space thanks to its folding walls. A house's facade can change, turning during the day, in response to changing temperatures or light. The sections in houses or workplaces can be moved by rail systems and can be positioned in different directions.
Kinetic architectural structures that focus on benefiting people in private living spaces can turn into a remarkable element by creating interaction with visitors in public spaces, museums, or event spaces.
What is the Basic Principle in Kinetic Architecture?
The basic principle in kinetic architecture is the presence of moving or dynamic elements that are integrated into the design of buildings or structures. These moving and dynamic elements are controlled manually or automatically, allowing the structure to adapt to changing conditions such as weather, user needs or aesthetic preferences.
While motors, pulleys, gears, and other mechanical components are used to provide the motion of the system in kinetic architectural structures, sensors, actuators, and computer systems can also be used to automate the control of the motion.
» Public spaces (Parks, beaches, shopping malls, etc.)
» Museums and exhibition areas
» Sports facilities (Stadiums, arenas, swimming pools, etc.)
» Residential buildings
» Commercial buildings
What are the Advantages of Kinetic Architectural Structures?
● Adaptation to Changing Needs
Against the unchanging features of static architectural structures, kinetic architectural structures can adapt to changing needs. Changing weather, differing user needs, versatile and functional space uses are adaptable variables for a building with kinetic architecture.
● Aesthetic Appearance
Glass, fabric, composite, aluminum, wood, polycarbonate etc. in kinetic architectural structures. Aesthetic appearances can be obtained by combining different materials such as different working systems with different working systems.
● Engaging User Experiences
Kinetic architectural structures offer impressive and interesting experiences for users and/or visitors with different system approaches and different architectural views.
● Energy Efficiency
With its adaptable system to changing weather and physical conditions, kinetic architectural structures also provide energy efficiency.
New kinetic architectural designs created according to changing needs also create a driving force in the development of new technologies and new mechanical systems.
● Functionality and Flexibility
While kinetic architectural structures provide more functional use of spaces with their mobile and adaptable system structure, they also offer more flexibility to users.
● What Kinds of Structures Can Be Built with Kinetic Architecture?
User needs, the desired benefit, the visions of the designers and the technology used allow the construction of different types of structures in kinetic architecture. In general, the types of buildings that can be built with kinetic architecture are as follows.
● Retractable structures
Buildings or structures that can retract or expand certain parts of their structure, such as retractable roofs in a stadium or retractable walls in a conference hall.
● Movable structures
Buildings or structures that can move or change shape, such as a bridge that can go up to allow boats to pass under it, or a building with movable facade panels that can adapt to changing light conditions.
● Transformable structures
Buildings or structures that can change form or function, such as a building with modular components that can be reconfigured to create different spaces, or a building that can change its shape in response to changing environmental conditions.
● Responsive structures
A building or structures that can respond to user needs or environmental conditions, such as a building with a façade that changes color in response to changing light conditions, or a building with movable shading devices that adapt to changing weather conditions.
● Interactive structures
Buildings with interactive screens that respond to user inputs, or buildings with movable seats that can be reconfigured for different events, or buildings or structures that allow users to interact with kinetic elements.